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  • The Muslim woman challenging Putin



    Aina Gamzatova, a 46-year-old woman from Dagestan, has made it officiaዐl. She wants to run against Russian President Vladimir Putin in the March 2018 election.

    Hundreds of her supporters gathered around her to celebrate in Makhachkala, Dagestan's capital, on Saturday, two days after she confirmed her bid in a Facebook post.

    source :Aljazeera


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    • ALM Person of the Year 2017 – Employment Generation

    This recognition is open to an African, whose actions, policies and business have helped in creating jobs for Africans in the year under review.



    ALM Person of the Year 2017 – Employment Generation
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  • Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

    The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation founded in 1969 has 57 members, 56 of which are also member states of the United Nations. Some, especially in West Africa, are – though with large Muslim populations – not necessarily Muslim majority countries. A few countries with significant Muslim populations, such as Russia and Thailand, sit as Observer States, while others, such as India and Ethiopia, are not members.

    The collective population of OIC member states is over 1.6 billion as of 2011.

    sorce ; From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

     Afghanistan – Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
    Capital: Kabul
    1969 25,500,100 [1] 652,230 Dari
    [hide]Further details
    Suspended 1980 - March 1989.
     Algeria – People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
    Capital: Algiers
    1969 38,700,000 [1] 2,381,741 Arabic
     Chad – Republic of Chad
    Capital: N'Djamena
    1969 13,211,000 [1] 1,284,000 Arabic
     Egypt – Arab Republic of Egypt
    Capital: Cairo
    1969 86,748,100 [1] 1,002,450 Arabic
    [hide]Further details
    Suspended May 1979 - March 1984 after signing a peace treaty with Israel.[2]
     Guinea – Republic of Guinea [note 1]
    Capital: Conakry
    1969 10,824,200 [1] 245,857 French  
     Indonesia – Republic of Indonesia
    Capital: Jakarta
    1969 252,164,800 [1] 1,904,569 Bahasa Indonesia
    [hide]Further details
    Indonesia has five provinces with official special autonomy status: AcehJakarta SCRYogyakarta SRPapua, and West Papua.
     Iran – Islamic Republic of Iran
    Capital: Tehran
    1969 77,557,000 [1] 1,648,195 Persian  
     Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
    Capital: Amman
    1969 6,602,960 [1] 89,342 Arabic  
     Kuwait – State of Kuwait
    Capital: Kuwait City
    1969 3,065,850 [1] 17,818 Arabic  
     Lebanon – Lebanese Republic
    Capital: Beirut
    1969 4,966,000 [1] 10,452 Arabic  
     Libya – State of Libya
    Capital: Tripoli
    1969 6,253,000 [1] 1,759,540 Arabic  
    Capital: Kuala Lumpur
    1969 30,180,000 [1] 330,803 Bahasa Malaysia
    [hide]Further details
    Malaysia is a federation of 13 states and three federal territories.
     Mali – Republic of Mali
    Capital: Bamako
    1969 15,768,000 [1] 1,240,192 French
    [hide]Further details
    Mali is a republic constituted by 8 regions.
     Mauritania – Islamic Republic of Mauritania
    Capital: Nouakchott
    1969 3,461,041 [1] 1,030,700 Arabic  
     Morocco – Kingdom of Morocco
    Capital: Rabat
    1969 33,309,400 [1] 446,550 Arabic
    [hide]Further details
    Morocco claims sovereignty over Western Sahara and controls most of it, which is disputed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
     Niger – Republic of Niger
    Capital: Niamey
    1969 17,138,707 [1] 1,267,000 French  
     Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan
    Capital: Islamabad
    1969 207,774,520 [1] 881,912 Urdu
    [hide]Further details
    Pakistan is a federation of four provinces, 1 capital territory, and tribal regions. Pakistan disputes Indian sovereignty over Kashmir. It exercises control over some areas, but does not explicitly claim any part of it,[3][4] instead regarding it as a disputed territory.[5][6] The portions that it controls are divided into two polities, administered separately from Pakistan proper:[note 2]
     Palestine – State of Palestine [7]
    Capital: Jerusalem (claims), Ramallah (administrative), Gaza City (administrative)
    1969[8] 4,420,549 [1] 6,220 Arabic
    [hide]Further details
    The declared State of Palestine has received diplomatic recognition from 136 states.[9] The proclaimed state has no agreed territorial borders, or effective control on much of the territory that it proclaimed.[10] The Palestinian National Authority is an interim administrative body formed as a result of the Oslo Accords that exercises limited autonomous jurisdiction within the Palestinian territories. In foreign relations, Palestine is represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization. The State of Palestine is a member state of UNESCO,[11] and an observer state in the UN.
     Saudi Arabia – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    Capital: Riyadh
    1969 29,994,272 [1] 2,149,690 Arabic  
     Senegal – Republic of Senegal
    Capital: Dakar
    1969 12,873,601 [1] 196,722 French  
     Somalia – Federal Republic of Somalia
    Capital: Mogadishu
    1969 10,806,000 [1] 637,657 Arabic
    [hide]Further details
    Following the adoption of the Provisional Federal Constitution in August 2012, Somalia is a federation, the Federal Republic of Somalia, which is divided into several Federal Member States.[12]
     Sudan – Republic of the Sudan
    Capital: Khartoum
    1969 37,289,406 [1] 1,886,068 Arabic
    [hide]Further details
    Sudan is a federation of 17 states. Disputes Abyei and Kafia Kingi with South Sudan.
     Tunisia – Republic of Tunisia
    Capital: Tunis
    1969 10,886,500 [1] 163,610 Arabic  
     Turkey – Republic of Turkey
    Capital: Ankara
    1969 76,667,864 [1] 783,562 Turkish
    [hide]Further details
    Transcontinental country in Europe and Asia, classified as West Asiancountries by the United Nations Statistics Division Turkey
     Yemen – Republic of Yemen
    Capital: Sana'a
    1969 25,235,000 [1] 527,968 Arabic
    [hide]Further details
    Joined separately as  North Yemen and  South Yemen. Both unified in 1990.
     Bahrain – Kingdom of Bahrain
    Capital: Manama
    1970 1,234,571 [1] 765 Arabic  
     Oman – Sultanate of Oman
    Capital: Muscat
    1970 4,020,000 [1] 309,500 Arabic  
     Qatar – State of Qatar
    Capital: Doha
    1970 2,174,035 [1] 11,586 Arabic  
     Syria – Syrian Arab Republic
    Capital: Damascus
    1970 21,987,000 [1] 185,180 Arabic
    [hide]Further details
    The Syrian National Coalition, which is recognized as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people by 20 UN members, has established an interim government to rule rebel controlled territory during the Syrian civil war.

    Syria has one self-declared autonomous region:

    Suspended in August 2012 during the Syrian civil war.[13]

     United Arab Emirates
    Capital: Abu Dhabi
    1971 9,446,000 [1] 83,600 Arabic
    [hide]Further details
    The United Arab Emirates is a federation of seven emirates.
     Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone
    Capital: Freetown
    1972 6,190,280 [1] 71,740 English  
     Bangladesh – People's Republic of Bangladesh
    Capital: Dhaka
    1974 156,569,000 [1] 147,570 Bengali  
     Gabon – Gabonese Republic
    Capital: Libreville
    1974 1,711,000 [1] 267,668 French  
     Gambia, The – Republic of the Gambia
    Capital: Banjul
    1974 1,882,450 [1] 11,295 English  
     Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Guinea-Bissau
    Capital: Bissau
    1974 1,746,000 [1] 36,125 Portuguese  
     Uganda – Republic of Uganda
    Capital: Kampala
    1974 35,357,000 [1] 241,550 English
     Burkina Faso [note 3]
    Capital: Ouagadougou
    1975 18,105,570 [1] 241,550 French  
     Cameroon – Republic of Cameroon
    Capital: Yaoundé
    1975 35,357,000 [1] 241,550 French
     Comoros – Union of the Comoros
    Capital: Moroni
    1976 743,798 [1] 1,862 Comorian
    [hide]Further details
    Comoros is a federation of 3 islands.[note 4][14]
     Iraq – Republic of Iraq
    Capital: Baghdad
    1976 36,004,552 [1] 438,317 Arabic
    [hide]Further details
    Iraq is a federation [15] of 18 governorates, three of which make up the autonomous:
     Maldives – Republic of Maldives
    Capital: Malé
    1976 317,280 [1] 300 Dhivehi  
     Djibouti – Republic of Djibouti
    Capital: Djibouti
    1978 886,000 [1] 23,200 Arabic
     Benin – Republic of Benin [note 5]
    Capital: Porto-Novo
    1982 9,988,068 [1] 112,622 French  
     Brunei – Negara Brunei Darussalam
    Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan
    1984 393,162 [1] 5,765 Malay
    [hide]Further details
    Brunei is a nation constituted by 4 districts.
     Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria
    Capital: Abuja
    1986 178,517,000 [1] 923,768 English
    [hide]Further details
    Nigeria is a federation of 36 states and 1 federal territory.
     Azerbaijan – Republic of Azerbaijan
    Capital: Baku
    1991 9,477,100 [1] 86,600 Azerbaijani
    [hide]Further details
    Azerbaijan contains two autonomous regions, Nakhchivan and Nagorno-Karabakh (Dağlıq Qarabağ).[note 6]

    Transcontinental country in Europe and Asia, classified as West Asiancountries by the United Nations Statistics Division Azerbaijan

     Albania – Republic of Albania
    Capital: Tirana
    1992 2,821,977 [1] 28,748 Albanian
    [hide]Further details
    Albania is a republic constituted by 12 counties.
     Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz Republic
    Capital: Bishkek
    1992 5,776,570 [1] 199,951 Kyrgyz
     Tajikistan – Republic of Tajikistan
    Capital: Dushanbe
    1992 8,160,000 [1] 143,100 Tajiki
    [hide]Further details
    Tajikistan contains 1 autonomous region, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province.
    Capital: Ashgabat
    1992 5,307,000 [1] 488,100 Turkmen  
     Mozambique – Republic of Mozambique
    Capital: Maputo
    1994 23,700,715 [1] 801,590 Portuguese  
     Kazakhstan – Republic of Kazakhstan
    Capital: Astana
    1995 17,244,000 [1] 2,724,900 Kazakh
    [hide]Further details
    Transcontinental country in Europe and Asia, classified as West Asiancountries by the United Nations Statistics Division Kazakhstan
     Uzbekistan – Republic of Uzbekistan
    Capital: Tashkent
    1995 30,492,800 [1] 447,400 Uzbek
    [hide]Further details
    Uzbekistan contains 1 autonomous region:
     Suriname – Republic of Suriname
    Capital: Paramaribo
    1996 534,189 [1] 163,820 Dutch  
     Togo – Togolese Republic
    Capital: Lomé
    1997 6,993,000 [1] 56,785 French  
     Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana
    Capital: Georgetown
    1998 784,894 [1] 214,969 English  
     Ivory Coast – Republic of Côte d'Ivoire
    Capital: Yamoussoukro
    2001 23,202,000 [1] 322,463 French  

    Observer states[edit]

    Member stateJoinedPopulationArea (km²)LanguagesNotes
     Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Capital: Sarajevo
    1994 3,791,622 [1] 51,209 Bosnian
    [hide]Further details
    Bosnia and Herzegovina is a federation of two constituent units:

    and Brčko District, a self-governing administrative unit.[note 7]
    Was given an invitation in 2013 by the OIC to join as a full member.[16]

     Central African Republic
    Capital: Bangui
    1997 4,709,000 [1] 622,984 French  
     Northern Cyprus – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
    Capital: Nicosia
    1979 [17] 294,906 [1] 3,355 Turkish
    [hide]Further details
    Recognised only by Turkey. Under the name "Turkish Cypriot State", it is an observer state of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Economic Cooperation Organization. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[18]
    • Designation changed in 2004[19]
    • Egypt, Iran and the United Arab Emirates requested at September 2014's summit of the OIC in New York that the Turkish Cypriot State not be referred to in the meeting conclusions.[20][21][22]
    • OIC SG received the president and foreign minister of Northern Cyprus.[23][24]
    • In 2017, Northern Cyprus was represented with its official name "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" for the first time at an OIC conference in Saudi Arabia.[25][26]
     Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand
    Capital: Bangkok
    1998 64,456,700 [1] 513,120 Thai
    [hide]Further details
    Thailand is a kingdom constituted by 76 provinces.
     Russia – Russian Federation
    Capital: Moscow
    2005 146,048,500 [1] 17,125,242 Russian
    [hide]Further details
    Russia is officially a federation of 85 federal subjects (republics, oblasts, krais, autonomous okrugs, federal cities, and an autonomous oblast).[note 8]

    Russia effectively administers Crimea as two federal subjects:

    The Treaty on Accession of the Republic of Crimea to Russia was signed between representatives of the Republic of Crimea (including Sevastopol, with which the rest of Crimea briefly unified) and the Russian Federation on 18 March 2014 to lay out terms for the immediate admission of the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol as federal subjects of Russia and part of the Russian Federation. It was ratified by the Federal Assembly by March 21.

    Transcontinental countries in Europe and Asia, classified as Eastern European countries by the United Nations Statistics Division Russia





    sorce ; From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


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  • Malcolm X

    Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. His mother, Louise Norton Little, was a homemaker occupied with the family’s eight children. His father, Earl Little, was an outspoken Baptist minister and avid supporter of Black Nationalist leader Marcus Garvey. Earl’s civil rights activism prompted death threats from the white supremacist organization Black Legion, forcing the family to relocate twice before Malcolm’s fourth birthday.
    Regardless of the Little’s efforts to elude the Legion, in 1929, their Lansing, Michigan home was burned to the ground. Two years later, Earl’s body was found lying across the town’s trolley tracks. Police ruled both incidents as accidents, but the Littles were certain that members of the Black Legion were responsible. Louise suffered emotional breakdown several years after the death of her husband and was committed to a mental institution, while her children were split up among various foster homes and orphanages.
    Eventually, Malcolm and his long-time friend, Malcolm “Shorty” Jarvis, moved back to Boston. In 1946, they were arrested and convicted on burglary charges, and Malcolm was sentenced to 10 years in prison, although he was granted parole after serving seven years.
    Recalling his days in school, he used the time to further his education. It was during this period of self-enlightenment that Malcolm’s brother Reginald would visit and discuss his recent conversion to the Muslim religion. Reginald belonged to the religious organization the Nation of Islam (NOI).
    Intrigued, Malcolm began to study the teachings of NOI leader Elijah Muhammad. Muhammad taught that white society actively worked to keep African-Americans from empowering themselves and achieving political, economic, and social success. Among other goals, the NOI fought for a state of their own, separate from one inhabited by white people. By the time he was paroled in 1952, Malcolm was a devoted follower with the new surname “X” (He considered “Little” a slave name and chose the “X” to signify his lost tribal name.).
    Intelligent and articulate, Malcolm was appointed as a minister and national spokesman for the Nation of Islam. Elijah Muhammad also charged him with establishing new mosques in cities such as Detroit, Michigan, and Harlem. Malcolm utilized newspaper columns, as well as radio and television, to communicate the NOI’s message across the United States. His charisma, drive, and conviction attracted an astounding number of new members. Malcolm was largely credited with increasing membership in the NOI from 500 in 1952 to 30,000 in 1963.
    The crowds and controversy surrounding Malcolm made him a media magnet. He was featured in a weeklong television special with Mike Wallace in 1959, called The Hate That Hate Produced. The program explored the fundamentals of the NOI, and tracked Malcolm’s emergence as one of its most important leaders. After the special, Malcolm was faced with the uncomfortable reality that his fame had eclipsed that of his mentor Elijah Muhammad. In addition to the media, Malcolm’s vivid personality had captured the government’s attention. As membership in the NOI continued to grow, FBI agents infiltrated the organization (one even acted as Malcolm’s bodyguard) and secretly placed bugs, wiretaps, cameras, and other surveillance equipment to monitor the group’s activities.
    Malcolm’s faith was dealt a crushing blow at the height of the civil rights movement in 1963. He learned that his mentor and leader, Elijah Muhammad, was secretly having relations with as many as six women within the Nation of Islam organization. As if that were not enough, Malcolm found out that some of these relationships had resulted in children.
    Since joining the NOI, Malcolm had strictly adhered to the teachings of Muhammad, which included remaining celibate until his marriage to Betty Shabazz in 1958. Malcolm refused Muhammad’s request to help cover up the affairs and subsequent children. He was deeply hurt by Muhammad’s actions, because he had previously considered him a living prophet. Malcolm also felt guilty about the masses he had led to join the NOI, which he now felt was a fraudulent organization built on too many lies to ignore.
    Shortly after his shocking discovery, Malcolm received criticism for a comment he made regarding the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. “[Kennedy] never foresaw that the chickens would come home to roost so soon,” said Malcolm. After the statement, Elijah Muhammad “silenced” Malcolm for 90 days. Malcolm, however, suspected he was silenced for another reason. In March 1964, Malcolm terminated his relationship with the NOI. Unable to look past Muhammad’s deception, Malcolm decided to found his own religious organization, the Muslim Mosque, Inc.
    That same year, Malcolm went on a pilgrimage to Mecca, which proved to be life altering for him. For the first time, Malcolm shared his thoughts and beliefs with different cultures and found the response to be overwhelmingly positive. When he returned, Malcolm said he had met “blonde-haired, blued-eyed men I could call my brothers.” He returned to the United States with a new outlook on integration and a new hope for the future. This time when Malcolm spoke, instead of just preaching to African-Americans, he had a message for all races.
    After Malcolm resigned his position in the Nation of Islam and renounced Elijah Muhammad, relations between the two had become increasingly volatile. FBI informants working undercover in the NOI warned officials that Malcolm had been marked for assassination–one undercover officer had even been ordered to help plant a bomb in Malcolm’s car.
    After repeated attempts on his life, Malcolm rarely traveled anywhere without bodyguards. On February 14, 1965 the home where Malcolm, Betty, and their four daughters lived in East Elmhurst, New York was firebombed. Luckily, the family escaped physical injury.
    One week later, however, Malcolm’s enemies were successful in their ruthless attempt. At a speaking engagement in the Manhattan’s Audubon Ballroom on February 21, 1965, three gunmen rushed Malcolm onstage. They shot him 15 times at close range. The 39-year-old was pronounced dead on arrival at New York’s Columbia Presbyterian Hospital.
    Fifteen hundred people attended Malcolm’s funeral in Harlem on February 27, 1965 at the Faith Temple Church of God in Christ (now Child’s Memorial Temple Church of God in Christ). After the ceremony, friends took the shovels away from the waiting gravediggers and buried Malcolm themselves.
    Later that year, Betty gave birth to their twin daughters.
    Malcolm’s assassins, Talmadge Hayer, Norman 3X Butler, and Thomas 15X Johnson, were convicted of first-degree murder in March 1966. The three men were all members of the Nation of Islam. Malcolm X’s legacy has moved through generations as the subject of numerous documentaries, books, and movies. A tremendous resurgence of interest occurred in 1992 when director Spike Lee released the acclaimed movie, Malcolm X. The film received Oscar nominations for Best Actor (Denzel Washington) and Best Costume Design.
    Malcolm X is buried at the Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York.

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  • Ruling on smoking and chewing tobacco

     Ruling on smoking and chewing tobacco

    Smoking is haraam, because it is evil and because it causes a great deal of harm. Allaah has permitted to His slaves only good kinds of food and drink, and He has forbidden the bad kinds. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

    “he allows them as lawful At Tayyibaat (i.e. all good and lawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons and foods), and prohibits them as unlawful Al Khabaa’ith (i.e. all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons and foods)”[al-A’raaf 7:157] 

    All forms of smoking are kinds of khabaa’ith (evil and unlawful things), and they include harmful and intoxicating substances. It is haraam to deal with it in any way, whether one inhales it, chews it or deals with it in any of its other forms. It is obligatory upon every Muslim to give up these things and to hasten to repent to Allaah, and to regret having committed this sin, and to resolve never to go back to it. May Allaah help us and you to do all that is good. 

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