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  • Wedding Night A°māl

     The Wedding Night


    Wedding Night A°māl

    It is narrated from the Prophet (S): “The doors of Heaven to mercy will be opened in four situations: when it rains; when a child looks kindly at his parent’s face; when the door of the Ka°bah is opened; and when marriage (occurs).”1

    As indicated by the above tradition, the concept of marriage in Islam is so sacred and valued, that the doors of Allāh (SwT)’s mercy are open on this occasion.

    Indeed, this is not surprising when one considers that marriage secures a large portion of one’s faith and protects it from the evil of Satan, as narrated from the Prophet (S): “There is not a single young person that gets married during his youth, except that his Satan cries out that ‘Woe onto him, woe onto him, he has protected two thirds of his faith from me’; therefore, mankind must have taqwā (God-Conciousness) in Allāh (SwT) to protect the remaining one third of his faith.”2

    It is therefore essential that a couple, when embarking on this step, take utmost care to protect the sanctity of this sacred union and do not taint it from the start by allowing the occasion of marriage to become a source of sin and extravagance.

    In particular, the wedding night is the first night that a man and woman come together as husband and wife, and it is highly recommended that they form this union with the intention of obtaining the nearness and pleasure of Allāh (SwT) and perform the recommended amaal for this night.

    At this point it is necessary to take a look at what state the ‘mistress of the women of the worlds’, Haďrat Fāťima (sa) had on the night of her wedding, and how she started her life with her husband, Imām °Alī (as) the wedding night, Imām °Alī (as) Haďrat Fāťima (sa) upset and in tears, and asked her why she was in this state.

    She replied: “I thought about my state and actions and remembered the end of life and my grave; that today I have gone from my father’s house to your house, and another day I will go from here to the grave and the Day of Judgement (Qiyāmat). Therefore, I swear by you to Allāh (SwT); come let us stand for Ŝalāt so that we can worship Allāh (SwT) together in this night.”3

    The following A°māl are recommended for this night4:
    1. Try to be in Wuďū for as much of the night as possible, and especially during the amaals below.
    2. Begin by praising Allāh (SwT), then say Allāhu Akbar (أللهُ أكَبر), followed by a Ŝalawāt 

    3. Recite a two Rak°at Ŝalāt, with the intention of ‘Mustaĥab Qurbatan IlAllāh (SwT)’ [a recommended prayer, seeking the pleasure of Allāh (SwT)], followed by a Ŝalawāt.
    4. Recite the following Du°ā, followed by a Ŝalawāt. First the groom should recite it, after which the bride should say: Ilāhī Amīn [May Allāh (SwT) accept this].


    “O Allāh (SwT)! Bless me with her affection, love and her acceptance of me; and make me pleased with her, and bring us together in the best form of a union and in absolute harmony; surely You like lawful things and dislike unlawful things.”5

    5. Even if a couple are not intending to conceive on the wedding night, it is recommended that the following Du°ās are recited for righteous children (whenever they are conceived):
    a. The groom should then place his right palm on the bride’s forehead facing Qibla and recite:


    “O Allāh! I have taken her as Your trust and have made her lawful for myself by Your words. Therefore, if you have decreed for me a child from hver, then make him/her blessed and pious from among the followers of the family of Muĥammad; and do not let the Satan have any part in him/her.”6

    b. The following Du°ā should also be recited:


    “O Allāh! I have made her lawful for myself with Your words, and I have taken her in Your trust. O Allāh! Make her fertile and devoted.”7

    6. The groom should wash the bride’s feet and sprinkle that water in all the four corners of the room and house. Allāh (SwT) will remove 70,000 types of poverty, 70,000 types of blessings will enter the house and 70,000 blessings will come upon the bride and groom. The bride will be safe from insanity, ulcers and leprosy.8

    Some Points about the °Aqd & Wedding

    1. One should refrain from having the °Aqd or wedding during Qamar Dar Akrab – when the moon is passing through the phase of Scorpio.

    2. One should refrain from having the °Aqd or wedding outdoors, under the sunlight.

    3. It is recommended that the °Aqd and wedding take place at night.

    NOTE: It is important to note that the main objective of the wedding is the joining of a man and a woman. More often than not, weddings that take place today are long and extremely tiring for the bride and groom; they reach their room late at night and not fit for the recommended A°māl of this sacred night, nor much else. Therefore, it is recommended that the procedures of this night are kept simple and to a bare minimum. If other ceremonies are desired, they should be held on the preceding or proceeding nights.

    Some Points for the Bride and Groom

    1. It is not necessary that consummation of the marriage take place on the wedding night; rather it may take a few days or even a few weeks.

    2. Fatigue, nervousness and tension may make it harder; therefore it is important that husband and wife take time to get comfortable with each other and move at their own pace.

    3. Artificial lubrication may be needed for the first few days or weeks in order to make consummation easier and more enjoyable.10

    4. Early or premature ejaculation may be a problem for the first few times; however, this should eventually be resolved after time and experience.

    5. The hymen may or may not bleed. Foreplay, gentleness and intercourse again soon after can help reduce the pain of the tearing of the hymen.

    6. After consummation (whenever it may be), the bride should not have milk, vinegar, coriander, sour apple or melon for a week, as they cause the womb to dry up and become cold and barren. Eating vinegar at this time also results in the woman not becoming clean (ritually clean) from the blood of menstruation, coriander (and watermelon) results in a difficult labour and sour apple results in the stopping (of regularity) of menstruation, and these all result in illnesses.11

    7. People may make certain comments over the next few days. It is important not to let this affect you, and not to get drawn in to their conversations.

    8. Don’t talk about your intimate details to outsiders; maintain respect of your spouse and your relationship.

    The Wedding of Imām °Alī (as) and Haďrat Fāťima (sa)

    The °Aqd (Marriage Contract)

    The Prophet (S) desired to have the °Aqd recited in the mosque and in the presence of the people. Imām °Alī (as) joyfully went to the mosque and the Prophet (S) also entered the mosque. The Muhājirīn and Anŝār gathered around them. The Prophet (S) went on the minbar and after praising and thanking Allāh (SwT), said: “Oh people! Know that Jibrā`il descended on me and brought a message from Allāh (SwT) that the ceremony of the °Aqd of °Alī (as) has taken place in the presence of the Angels in ‘Bait al-Ma`mur.’ Allāh (SwT) has commanded that I perform this ceremony on earth and make you all witnesses.” At the point, the Prophet (S) recited the °Aqd.

    Then the Prophet (S) said to Imām °Alī (as): “Get up and give a speech.” Imām °Alī (as) got to his feet and after remembering and thanking Allāh (SwT) began his speech and expressed his satisfaction and contentment at his marriage to Haďrat Fāťima (sa).

    The people prayed for him and said: “May Allāh (SwT) bless this marriage, and place love and friendship in your hearts.”12

    The Wedding

    The wedding ceremony took place on the 1st of Dhul Hijjah, 2 AH13 (or 6th of Dhul Hijjah, 2 AH)14, one month after the °Aqd.

    Between the °Aqd and the wedding ceremony, Imām °Alī (as) was shy to speak about his wife to the Prophet (S). One day, his brother °Aqīl asked him: “Why don’t you bring your wife to the house so that we can congratulate you for the occasion of your wedding?” This topic reached the Prophet (S), who called Imām °Alī (as) and asked him: “Are you ready to get married?”

    Imām °Alī (as) gave a positive response. The Prophet (S) said: “Insha-Allāh, tonight or tomorrow night, I will make arrangements for the wedding.” At that time, he told his wives to dress Haďrat Fāťima (sa) and to perfume her and to carpet her room so as to prepare for the wedding ceremony.15

    The Prophet (S) told Imām °Alī (as): “There cannot be a wedding without guests.” One of the leaders of the Anŝār named Sa°ad said: “I gift you a sheep,” and a group of the Anŝār also brought some16 corn17, and some dried whey, oil and dates were also bought from the bazār.

    The meat was cooked and the Prophet (S) with his purity took the responsibility of cooking for the wedding, and with his blessed hands, mixed them (the ingredients) and began preparing a type of °Arabic dish called Habīs or Hais.18

    However, although the food was prepared, the invitation was public. A large number took part and with the blessings of the Prophet’s (S) hands, everyone ate and became full from the food, and there was even some left over for the poor and needy; a dish was also placed for the bride and groom.19

    The Prophet (S) told his wives to prepare a celebration for Haďrat Fāťima (sa) After food, the ladies gathered around Haďrat Fāťima (sa) and the Prophet (S) helped her get on his horse. Salmān al-Fārsī took hold of the horse’s reins and with the special ceremony, brave men such as Hamza and a number of the family and maĥārim of Haďrat Fāťima (sa) gathered around the horse with drawn swords. Many women waited behing the bride and recited Takbir.

    The horse began moving, and the ladies began reciting Takbir and praises of Allāh (SwT). At that time, one by one, they read beautiful hymns that had been composed, and with splendour and joy, took the bride to the house of the groom. The Prophet (S) also reached the group and entered the bridal chamber.

    He requested a dish of water, and when that was brought, he sprinked some on Haďrat Fāťima’s (sa) chest and told her to do Wuďū and wash her mouth with the rest of the water. He sprinkled some water on Imām °Alī (as) as well and told him to do Wuďū and wash his mouth.

    The Prophet (S) then took Haďrat Fāťima’s (sa) hand and placed it in the hand of Imām (as) and said: “Oh °Alī! May you be blessed; Allāh (SwT) bestowed on you the daughter of the Prophet (S) of Allāh (SwT), who is the best of women (of the world).” He then addressed Haďrat Fāťima (sa) and said: “Oh Fāťima, °Alī is from the best of husbands.”20

    He then recited a Du°ā for them: “Oh Allāh, make them familiar (close) to each other! Oh Allāh, bless them! And place for them blessings in their life.”

    As he was about to leave, he said: “Allāh has made you and your offspring pure (ritually clean). I am a friend of your friends, and an enemy of your enemies. I now bid you farewell and deposit you with Allāh.”21

    The next morning, the Prophet (S) went to see his daughter. After that visit, he did not go to their house for three days, but went on the fourth day.22

    Haďrat Khadīja’s (sa) Wish

    On the wedding night of Haďrat Fāťima (sa), Asma bint Omaīs (or Umme Salama) who was among the women, asked permission from the Prophet (S) if she could stay near Fāťima so as to carry out any needs she may have.

    She said to the Prophet (S): “When the time of the death of Khadīja came in Makkah, I was next to her and saw that Khadīja was crying. I said to her: “You are the ‘mistress of the women of the worlds’ and the wife of the Prophet (S) and despite this you are crying whereas Allāh (SwT) has given you the good tidings of heaven?” Khadīja (sa) replied: “I am not crying because of death; rather I am crying for Fāťima who is a small girl and women on their wedding night need a woman from their relatives and close ones (maĥram) who will tell them their hidden secrets, and I am afraid that that night, my dear Fāťima will not have anyone.”

    Then I told Khadīja (sa) that, “I swear to my God that if I stay alive until that day, on that night I will stay in that house in your place.” Now I would like permission from you that you excuse me so that I can keep my promise.” Upon hearing this, the Prophet (S) started crying and gave me permission to stay and prayed for me.23

    The Wedding Suit

    On the wedding night of Imām °Alī (as) and Haďrat Fāťima (sa), the Prophet (S) gave her a (wedding) suit to wear on that night. When Haďrat Fāťima (sa) had gone to the wedding house and was sitting on the prayer mat praying to Allāh (SwT), suddenly a needy person came to the door of the house of Haďrat Fāťima (sa) and with a loud voice said: “From the door of the house of Prophethood, I want an old suit.”

    At that time, Haďrat Fāťima (sa) had two suits, one old and the other new. She wanted to give the old suit as per the request of the needy man, when suddenly she remembered a verse which states: “You will never attain piety until you spend out of what you hold dear.”24 Haďrat Fāťima (sa), who knew she liked the new suit more, acted on this verse and gave the new suit to the needy man.

    The next day, when the Prophet (S) saw the old suit on Haďrat Fāťima (sa), he asked: “Why didn’t you wear the new suit?” Haďrat Fāťima (sa) replied: “I gave it to a needy man.” The Prophet (S) said: “If you had worn the new shirt for your husband, it would have been better and more suitable.” Haďrat Fāťima (sa) replied: “I learnt this manner from you. When my mother Khadija became your wife, she gave all her wealth to the empty-handed in your path, until it reached a point when a needy person came to the door of your house and requested clothes. There were no clothes in the house so you took off your shirt and gave it to him, and this verse was revealed: “Do not keep your hand chained to your neck, nor open it all together, or you will sit blameworthy, regretful.”25

    Overwhelmed by the love and sincerity of his daughter Zahrā (sa), tears fell from the Prophet (S)’s (S) eyes, and as a sign of love, he hugged Haďrat Fāťima (sa) to his chest.26

    • 1. A Bundle of Flowers, pg. 149
    • 2. Muntakhab Mizān al-Hikmah, vol. 1, pg. 457
    • 3. Kitāb al-Irshād, vol. 1, pg. 270
    • 4. °alliyatul Muttaqīn, pg. 116-117
    • 5. al-Kāfī, vol. 3, pg. 481
    • 6. Ibid., vol. 5, pg. 500
    • 7. Ibid., vol. 5, pg. 501
    • 8. Wasāil ash-Shī~a, vol. 20, pg. 249, no. 25555
    • 9. Halliyatul Muttaqīn, pg. 108-109 (Points 1-3)
    • 10. Pāsukh be Masāil-e Jinsī wa Zanāshuī, pg. 235
    • 11. Wasāil ash-Shī~a, vol. 20, pg. 250, no. 25556
    • 12. Biĥār al-Anwār, vol. 43, pg. 120 and 129
    • 13. Ibid., vol. 43, pg. 92
    • 14. Some have narrated the time between the nikah and wedding to be one year.
    • 15. Biĥār al-Anwār, vol. 43, pg. 130-131
    • 16. About 8 pounds
    • 17. Biĥār al-Anwār, vol. 43, pg. 137
    • 18. Ibid., vol. 43, pg. 106 and 114
    • 19. Manāqib Ibn Shahr Ashūb, vol. 3, pg. 354
    • 20. Izdawāj Maktab Insān Sāzi, vol. 2, pg. 300
    • 21. Manāqib Ibn Shahr Ashūb, vol. 3, pg. 354-355
    • 22. Ibid., vol. 3, pg. 356
    • 23. Sar Guzashthāye Hazrat ~Alī (as) wa Fāťima (sa), pg. 30
    • 24. Sūrat Ali-‘Imrān, Verse 92
    • 25. Sūrat al-Isrā, Verse 29
    • 26. Sar Guzashthāye Hazrat °Alī (as) wa Fāťima (sa), pg. 31


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  • Egyptian Wife makes all the arrangements of Husband’s second marriage


    An Egyptian wife took the internet by storm this week. She not only allowed his husband to go for a second marriage but also readily participated in his marriage! The pictures of the wedding were uploaded on social media and people started to discuss it.

    Later on, it was revealed that an Egyptian woman who is married to a person named Mo’taz Hilal, was leading a stable married life. They had children and held a good bond. Hilal always had a desire to hold a second marriage. He wanted to get married to another woman for sake of extending his family

    He said that he wanted to have more children and thereby went for a second marriage. On his own Facebook account, he posted the photos of his second marriage. His first wife was sitting along with the newly married couple!

    The picture was shared with a caption that he always wanted to hold a second marriage and told about it to his first wife. In early days of hearing the news, the wife got upset but as she loved him so later on that she later agreed to it.

    He also added that his first wife took part in arranging the wedding ceremony. She played a major role in his second marriage as she was the one who convinced his second’s wife parents for the marriage. He disclosed that his both wives are truly happy with each other, they hold a unique bond with each other.

    Well, he never knew that his post would go viral on social media and he would be criticized heavily for his act. He himself said he never knew that his post would make rounds on the internet. Where few of the people congratulated him and blessed him for his new life, many raised questions.

    People asked that how come his first wife agree to it? And if she did, how come she took part in arrangement and the marriage. People couldn’t get through it and said that no wife can make such a “compromise”.

    A woman gets broken inside by the idea that she has to share her love, her companion: her husband! Some people were amazed and asked if that they were living in the 21st century? Are women of this age to make such compromises? People called the man selfish.

    They said that if his wife loves him so dearly, he must not misuse the trust and love. Some claimed that the husband must have forced her to accept his second wife. While some said that the husband must not be a good one and the wife thought that this was the best way to escape.

    Well, there were few who could perfectly relate to the matter. The matter of second marriage in Islam. The Muslim men are allowed to hold 4 marriages but there are conditions imposed on it. Islam is a religion that allows polygamy. Islam allowed polygamy for sake of widows and orphans.

    A man is allowed to marry again if he can treat all his wives equally. But Allah also declared that men cannot hold equality among his wives and it is better than he marries only one!  May Allah guide us all!

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    • ALM Person of the Year 2017 – Employment Generation

    This recognition is open to an African, whose actions, policies and business have helped in creating jobs for Africans in the year under review.



    ALM Person of the Year 2017 – Employment Generation
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  • The Muslim woman challenging Putin



    Aina Gamzatova, a 46-year-old woman from Dagestan, has made it officiaዐl. She wants to run against Russian President Vladimir Putin in the March 2018 election.

    Hundreds of her supporters gathered around her to celebrate in Makhachkala, Dagestan's capital, on Saturday, two days after she confirmed her bid in a Facebook post.

    source :Aljazeera


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  • Al-Qaradawi calls for Islamic awakening

    Al-Qaradawi calls for Islamic awakening

    7 Nov 2017whatsapp
    Al-Qaradawi calls for Islamic awakening
    Yusuf al-Qaradawi [File: Mohammed Dabbous/Reuters]

    Muslim scholars should work to make the Muslim community strong again, says Yusuf al-Qaradawi, head of the International Union of Muslim Scholars, in a scientific conference titled: "The pledge of the learned in the constants of Islam" in Istanbul on Monday.

    "Islam has spread from the Arabian Peninsula to China, from the Samarkand to the Indian peninsula, Asia and Europe" in a short time. Now "it is our duty to restore the glory of the nation of Islam (Ummah) back to the level of those days, back to the days where the Muslims were rulers of the world. This is our promise to the Ummah" said al-Qaradawi.

    The 5th Meeting of IUMS' Board of Trustees was attended by al-Qaradawi as well as Deputy Chairman of the Turkish Directorate of Religious Affairs, Selim Argun, and other scholars from across the globe.

    The scholars discussed the conflicts in the Islamic world and the role of Muslim scholars in solving these problems, calling for an awakening of the Muslim community.


    Al-Qaradawi said the scholars had to work to make the Muslim community strong again.

    "If we would summarize the message of Prophet Muhammad in one word, we would say it is 'mercy'. Mercy for all creation," he said, adding scholars who bear the message of Islam should pave the way for the Ummah and move it forward.

    In the closing declaration, the union expressed its appreciation of the progress since its inception, calling for the continuation of the academic, scientific, awareness-raising and innovative message for the Islamic community.


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