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Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation founded in 1969 has 57 members, 56 of which are also member states of the United Nations. Some, especially in West Africa, are – though with large Muslim populations – not necessarily Muslim majority countries. A few countries with significant Muslim populations, such as Russia and Thailand, sit as Observer States, while others, such as India and Ethiopia, are not members.

The collective population of OIC member states is over 1.6 billion as of 2011.

sorce ; From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



 Afghanistan – Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Capital: Kabul
1969 25,500,100 [1] 652,230 Dari
Pashto
[hide]Further details
Suspended 1980 - March 1989.
 Algeria – People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
Capital: Algiers
1969 38,700,000 [1] 2,381,741 Arabic
Tamazight
 
 Chad – Republic of Chad
Capital: N'Djamena
1969 13,211,000 [1] 1,284,000 Arabic
French
 
 Egypt – Arab Republic of Egypt
Capital: Cairo
1969 86,748,100 [1] 1,002,450 Arabic
[hide]Further details
Suspended May 1979 - March 1984 after signing a peace treaty with Israel.[2]
 Guinea – Republic of Guinea [note 1]
Capital: Conakry
1969 10,824,200 [1] 245,857 French  
 Indonesia – Republic of Indonesia
Capital: Jakarta
1969 252,164,800 [1] 1,904,569 Bahasa Indonesia
[hide]Further details
Indonesia has five provinces with official special autonomy status: AcehJakarta SCRYogyakarta SRPapua, and West Papua.
 Iran – Islamic Republic of Iran
Capital: Tehran
1969 77,557,000 [1] 1,648,195 Persian  
 Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Capital: Amman
1969 6,602,960 [1] 89,342 Arabic  
 Kuwait – State of Kuwait
Capital: Kuwait City
1969 3,065,850 [1] 17,818 Arabic  
 Lebanon – Lebanese Republic
Capital: Beirut
1969 4,966,000 [1] 10,452 Arabic  
 Libya – State of Libya
Capital: Tripoli
1969 6,253,000 [1] 1,759,540 Arabic  
 Malaysia
Capital: Kuala Lumpur
1969 30,180,000 [1] 330,803 Bahasa Malaysia
[hide]Further details
Malaysia is a federation of 13 states and three federal territories.
 Mali – Republic of Mali
Capital: Bamako
1969 15,768,000 [1] 1,240,192 French
[hide]Further details
Mali is a republic constituted by 8 regions.
 Mauritania – Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Capital: Nouakchott
1969 3,461,041 [1] 1,030,700 Arabic  
 Morocco – Kingdom of Morocco
Capital: Rabat
1969 33,309,400 [1] 446,550 Arabic
Tamazight
[hide]Further details
Morocco claims sovereignty over Western Sahara and controls most of it, which is disputed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
 Niger – Republic of Niger
Capital: Niamey
1969 17,138,707 [1] 1,267,000 French  
 Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Capital: Islamabad
1969 207,774,520 [1] 881,912 Urdu
Punjabi
English
[hide]Further details
Pakistan is a federation of four provinces, 1 capital territory, and tribal regions. Pakistan disputes Indian sovereignty over Kashmir. It exercises control over some areas, but does not explicitly claim any part of it,[3][4] instead regarding it as a disputed territory.[5][6] The portions that it controls are divided into two polities, administered separately from Pakistan proper:[note 2]
 Palestine – State of Palestine [7]
Capital: Jerusalem (claims), Ramallah (administrative), Gaza City (administrative)
1969[8] 4,420,549 [1] 6,220 Arabic
[hide]Further details
The declared State of Palestine has received diplomatic recognition from 136 states.[9] The proclaimed state has no agreed territorial borders, or effective control on much of the territory that it proclaimed.[10] The Palestinian National Authority is an interim administrative body formed as a result of the Oslo Accords that exercises limited autonomous jurisdiction within the Palestinian territories. In foreign relations, Palestine is represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization. The State of Palestine is a member state of UNESCO,[11] and an observer state in the UN.
 Saudi Arabia – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Capital: Riyadh
1969 29,994,272 [1] 2,149,690 Arabic  
 Senegal – Republic of Senegal
Capital: Dakar
1969 12,873,601 [1] 196,722 French  
 Somalia – Federal Republic of Somalia
Capital: Mogadishu
1969 10,806,000 [1] 637,657 Arabic
Somali
[hide]Further details
Following the adoption of the Provisional Federal Constitution in August 2012, Somalia is a federation, the Federal Republic of Somalia, which is divided into several Federal Member States.[12]
 Sudan – Republic of the Sudan
Capital: Khartoum
1969 37,289,406 [1] 1,886,068 Arabic
English
[hide]Further details
Sudan is a federation of 17 states. Disputes Abyei and Kafia Kingi with South Sudan.
 Tunisia – Republic of Tunisia
Capital: Tunis
1969 10,886,500 [1] 163,610 Arabic  
 Turkey – Republic of Turkey
Capital: Ankara
1969 76,667,864 [1] 783,562 Turkish
[hide]Further details
Transcontinental country in Europe and Asia, classified as West Asiancountries by the United Nations Statistics Division Turkey
 Yemen – Republic of Yemen
Capital: Sana'a
1969 25,235,000 [1] 527,968 Arabic
[hide]Further details
Joined separately as  North Yemen and  South Yemen. Both unified in 1990.
 Bahrain – Kingdom of Bahrain
Capital: Manama
1970 1,234,571 [1] 765 Arabic  
 Oman – Sultanate of Oman
Capital: Muscat
1970 4,020,000 [1] 309,500 Arabic  
 Qatar – State of Qatar
Capital: Doha
1970 2,174,035 [1] 11,586 Arabic  
 Syria – Syrian Arab Republic
Capital: Damascus
1970 21,987,000 [1] 185,180 Arabic
[hide]Further details
The Syrian National Coalition, which is recognized as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people by 20 UN members, has established an interim government to rule rebel controlled territory during the Syrian civil war.

Syria has one self-declared autonomous region:

Suspended in August 2012 during the Syrian civil war.[13]

 United Arab Emirates
Capital: Abu Dhabi
1971 9,446,000 [1] 83,600 Arabic
[hide]Further details
The United Arab Emirates is a federation of seven emirates.
 Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone
Capital: Freetown
1972 6,190,280 [1] 71,740 English  
 Bangladesh – People's Republic of Bangladesh
Capital: Dhaka
1974 156,569,000 [1] 147,570 Bengali  
 Gabon – Gabonese Republic
Capital: Libreville
1974 1,711,000 [1] 267,668 French  
 Gambia, The – Republic of the Gambia
Capital: Banjul
1974 1,882,450 [1] 11,295 English  
 Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Guinea-Bissau
Capital: Bissau
1974 1,746,000 [1] 36,125 Portuguese  
 Uganda – Republic of Uganda
Capital: Kampala
1974 35,357,000 [1] 241,550 English
Swahili
 
 Burkina Faso [note 3]
Capital: Ouagadougou
1975 18,105,570 [1] 241,550 French  
 Cameroon – Republic of Cameroon
Capital: Yaoundé
1975 35,357,000 [1] 241,550 French
English
 
 Comoros – Union of the Comoros
Capital: Moroni
1976 743,798 [1] 1,862 Comorian
French
Arabic
[hide]Further details
Comoros is a federation of 3 islands.[note 4][14]
 Iraq – Republic of Iraq
Capital: Baghdad
1976 36,004,552 [1] 438,317 Arabic
Kurdish
[hide]Further details
Iraq is a federation [15] of 18 governorates, three of which make up the autonomous:
 Maldives – Republic of Maldives
Capital: Malé
1976 317,280 [1] 300 Dhivehi  
 Djibouti – Republic of Djibouti
Capital: Djibouti
1978 886,000 [1] 23,200 Arabic
French
 
 Benin – Republic of Benin [note 5]
Capital: Porto-Novo
1982 9,988,068 [1] 112,622 French  
 Brunei – Negara Brunei Darussalam
Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan
1984 393,162 [1] 5,765 Malay
[hide]Further details
Brunei is a nation constituted by 4 districts.
 Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria
Capital: Abuja
1986 178,517,000 [1] 923,768 English
[hide]Further details
Nigeria is a federation of 36 states and 1 federal territory.
 Azerbaijan – Republic of Azerbaijan
Capital: Baku
1991 9,477,100 [1] 86,600 Azerbaijani
[hide]Further details
Azerbaijan contains two autonomous regions, Nakhchivan and Nagorno-Karabakh (Dağlıq Qarabağ).[note 6]

Transcontinental country in Europe and Asia, classified as West Asiancountries by the United Nations Statistics Division Azerbaijan

 Albania – Republic of Albania
Capital: Tirana
1992 2,821,977 [1] 28,748 Albanian
[hide]Further details
Albania is a republic constituted by 12 counties.
 Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz Republic
Capital: Bishkek
1992 5,776,570 [1] 199,951 Kyrgyz
Russian
 
 Tajikistan – Republic of Tajikistan
Capital: Dushanbe
1992 8,160,000 [1] 143,100 Tajiki
[hide]Further details
Tajikistan contains 1 autonomous region, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province.
 Turkmenistan
Capital: Ashgabat
1992 5,307,000 [1] 488,100 Turkmen  
 Mozambique – Republic of Mozambique
Capital: Maputo
1994 23,700,715 [1] 801,590 Portuguese  
 Kazakhstan – Republic of Kazakhstan
Capital: Astana
1995 17,244,000 [1] 2,724,900 Kazakh
Russian
[hide]Further details
Transcontinental country in Europe and Asia, classified as West Asiancountries by the United Nations Statistics Division Kazakhstan
 Uzbekistan – Republic of Uzbekistan
Capital: Tashkent
1995 30,492,800 [1] 447,400 Uzbek
[hide]Further details
Uzbekistan contains 1 autonomous region:
 Suriname – Republic of Suriname
Capital: Paramaribo
1996 534,189 [1] 163,820 Dutch  
 Togo – Togolese Republic
Capital: Lomé
1997 6,993,000 [1] 56,785 French  
 Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana
Capital: Georgetown
1998 784,894 [1] 214,969 English  
 Ivory Coast – Republic of Côte d'Ivoire
Capital: Yamoussoukro
2001 23,202,000 [1] 322,463 French  

Observer states[edit]

Member stateJoinedPopulationArea (km²)LanguagesNotes
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
Capital: Sarajevo
1994 3,791,622 [1] 51,209 Bosnian
Serbian
Croatian
[hide]Further details
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a federation of two constituent units:

and Brčko District, a self-governing administrative unit.[note 7]
Was given an invitation in 2013 by the OIC to join as a full member.[16]

 Central African Republic
Capital: Bangui
1997 4,709,000 [1] 622,984 French  
 Northern Cyprus – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Capital: Nicosia
1979 [17] 294,906 [1] 3,355 Turkish
[hide]Further details
Recognised only by Turkey. Under the name "Turkish Cypriot State", it is an observer state of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Economic Cooperation Organization. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[18]
  • Designation changed in 2004[19]
  • Egypt, Iran and the United Arab Emirates requested at September 2014's summit of the OIC in New York that the Turkish Cypriot State not be referred to in the meeting conclusions.[20][21][22]
  • OIC SG received the president and foreign minister of Northern Cyprus.[23][24]
  • In 2017, Northern Cyprus was represented with its official name "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" for the first time at an OIC conference in Saudi Arabia.[25][26]
 Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand
Capital: Bangkok
1998 64,456,700 [1] 513,120 Thai
[hide]Further details
Thailand is a kingdom constituted by 76 provinces.
 Russia – Russian Federation
Capital: Moscow
2005 146,048,500 [1] 17,125,242 Russian
[hide]Further details
Russia is officially a federation of 85 federal subjects (republics, oblasts, krais, autonomous okrugs, federal cities, and an autonomous oblast).[note 8]

Russia effectively administers Crimea as two federal subjects:

The Treaty on Accession of the Republic of Crimea to Russia was signed between representatives of the Republic of Crimea (including Sevastopol, with which the rest of Crimea briefly unified) and the Russian Federation on 18 March 2014 to lay out terms for the immediate admission of the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol as federal subjects of Russia and part of the Russian Federation. It was ratified by the Federal Assembly by March 21.

Transcontinental countries in Europe and Asia, classified as Eastern European countries by the United Nations Statistics Division Russia

 

 

 

 

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